Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Stigmella zelleriella

Stigmella zelleriella (Snellen, 1875)

sandhill pigmy

Stigmella zelleriella mine

Salix repens, Meijendel (herbarium material)


Egg invariably at the leaf underside. From there runs a short gallery, often partly following the leaf margin, almost stuffed with frass. The corridor widens into a blotch that may occupy half a leaf; the frass here is dispersed. Pupation external. Vacated mines turn black.

host plants

Salicaceae, narrowly monophagous

Salix, lapponum, repens & subsp. rosmarinifolia.

Van Nieukerken ao (2004) suppose that the species in South-Russia lives on Salix triandra.


Larvae in about the first half of July and the first half of October.


BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2009).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Fennoscandia and North-Russia to the Alps, and from Ireland to Central Russia (Fauna Europaea, 2009).




Nepticula zelleriella; Stigmella repentiella (Wolff, 1955); Stigmella lappovimella Svensson (1976).

The synonymy of lappovimella is rejected by Bruun & Itämies (1997a), but maintained by van Nieukerken (in Fauna Europaea, 2010) and van Nieukerken ao (2012a).


The autumn mines can be confused with those of Rhampus pulicarius. The easiest difference is the totally different aspect of the larvae, that never missing from the mine.

The mine often cannot be distinguished from the one of St. benanderella. The two species partly overlap, both in host plants and in distribution. Mines with the egg at the upper surface belong with certainty to benanderella.


Bengtsson (2008a), Bruun & Itämies (1997a), Buszko (1987a), Diškus & Stonis (2012a), Gielis, Huisman, Kuchlein ao (1985a), Gustafsson (1985a), Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a), Hering (1957a), Johansson ao (1990a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Kuchlein, Gielis, Huisman, ao (1988a), Laštuvka & Laštuvka (1997a), Navickaitė, Diškus & Stonis (2011a), van Nieukerken (1983a, 1986a), van Nieukerken, Mutanen & Doorenweerd (2012a), van Nieukerken, Zolotuhin & Mistchenko (2004a), Schütze (1931a), Skala (1939a), Sønderup (1949a), Svensson (1976a), Szőcs (1977a), Yefremova & Kravchenko (2015a).

Last modified 18.x.2021