Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Trifurcula immundella

Trifurcula immundella (Zeller,1839)

broom pigmy

on Cytisus

Trifurcula immundella: mine on Cytisus scoparius

Cytisus scoparius, Noordwijkerhout, Klein Leeuwenhorst © Erik van Nieukerken


the larve makes bark mines, filled with much black frass. Old mines may lignify reminding veins running over the twig. The mine resembles the one of Leucoptera spartifoliella; check there for the differences.


Fabaceae, monophagous

Cytisus scoparius.


larvae mine from September till February, in cold winters till May (Johansson ao, 1990a)


BE recorded (van Nieukerken, 2006a).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2015).

LUX not yet recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2015).

distribution within Europe

from Sweden to the Mediterranean, and from Ireland to Poland; not on the Mediterranean islands (Fauna Europaea, 2015)


described by Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a).


Bengtsson (2008a), Buhr (1937a), Gustafsson (1985a), Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a), Johansson, Nielsen, van Nieukerken & Gustafsson (1990a), Kasy (1983a), Klimesch (1942a, 1953a), Laštůvka & Laštůvka (1994a, 1997a, 2005a, 2008a, 2014a), Z & Laštůvka (2009b), van Nieukerken (1986a, 2006a), van Nieukerken, Laštůvka & Laštůvka (2004a, 2006a), Leutsch (2011a), Robbins (1991a), Skala (1939a), Szőcs (1977a).

Last modified 7.iii.2018