Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Trifurcula ortneri

Trifurcula ortneri (Klimesch, 1951)

Trifurcula ortneri mine

Coronilla minima, Spain, prov. Madrid; from van Nieukerken (2007b)

Trifurcula ortneri mines

Coronilla valentina, Croatia; from van Nieukerken (2007b)


Oviposition at a random point of the lower epidermis. Then a long, narrow, little contorted corridor, that follows the leaf margin at some distance. After a moult the corridor gradually widens considerably, generally into a wide corridor, more rarely into a real blotch. Frass in the initial corridor in a narrow, interrupted, central line; in the wider part in a thick lump with little, narrow, interruptions. Pupation outside the mine, exit slit in lower epidermis.

host plants

Fabaceae, monophagous

Coronilla coronata, minima, vaginalis, valentina & subsp. glauca, viminalis; Hippocrepis emerus.

Occurrence on H. emerus and C. minima only rarely (Laštůvka & Laštůvka, 1997a).


Larvae in june, then again in end-August to September (Klimesch, 1951a).


Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Germany to the Iberian Peninsula, Italy, and Croatia (Fauna Europaea, 2009).


Amber yellow; head capsule and pronotum pale brown; larva lies venter upwards in the mine.


Stigmella ortneri.


Hering (1957a, 1960a), Kasy (1987a), Klimesch (1951a, 1990b), Kopp & Keller (2015a), Laštůvka & Laštůvka (1997a, 2005a, 2009b, 2014a, 2015a), van Nieukerken (1986a, 2007b), van Nieukerken, Biesenbaum & Wittland (2010a), van Nieukerken, Laštůvka & Laštůvka (2004a, 2006a), Steuer (1988a, 1995a), Szőcs (1977a, 1981a).

Last modified 16.iv.2023