Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Trifurcula pallidella

Trifurcula pallidella (Duponchel, 1843)

on Cytisus, Lembotropis


Larva solitary in a 3-6 mm tick and 13–26 mm long fusiform stem gall. Inside no gall chamber, but a spiralled gallery, almost completely filled with brown frass. The mature larva vacates the gall through a slit in its upper part, and pupates in a cocoon.


Fabaceae, narrowly oligophagous

Cytisus albus, austriacus, hirsutus, procumbens, ratisbonensis, ruthenicus; Lembotropis nigricans.


Larvae were full-grown in September.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2018).


Described by van Nieukerken, Mazurkiewicz & Pałka.


Trifurcula incognitella Toll, 1936.


Hering (1957a), Klimesch (1953a), Laštůvka & Laštůvka (1997a, 2006a), van Nieukerken (1986a, 2006b), van Nieukerken, Biesenbaum & Wittland (2010a), van Nieukerken, Doorenweerd, Hoare & Davis (2016a), van Nieukerken, Laštůvka & Laštůvka (2006a), van Nieukerken, Mazurkiewicz & Pałka (2004a), van Nieukerken, Zolotuhin & Mistchenko (2004a), Pröse (1995a), Skala (1939a), Szőcs (1977a).

Last modified 29.xi.2018