Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Trifurcula subnitidella

Trifurcula subnitidella (Dpunchel, 1843)

dingy meadow pigmy

on Lotus

Trifurcula subnitidella: mine

mine (from van Nieukerken, 1990a)


Oviposition often at the base of a petiole, low on the plant. The larva makes a 6-9 cm long gallery in the bark of the stem, without killing the shoot. The first section is narrow, reddish brown; later the gallery, now whitish, becomes as wide as the stem. Frass brown in a sometimes interrupted central line. Larvae feed with their venter towards the epidermis.. Pupation external, in an ochraceous cocoon.

host plants

Fabaceae, monophagous

Lotus corniculatus, pedunculatus.


Larvae observed in october.


distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2018).


Very elongate, deep yellow.


Trifurcula griseella Wolff, 1957.


Baldizzone (2004a), Bengtsson (2008a), Emmet (1975c, 1983a), Gustafsson (1985a), Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a), Huisman & Koster (1994a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ellis (2009a), Johansson, Nielsen, van Nieukerken & Gustafsson (1990a), Kasy (1965a), Laštůvka & Laštůvka (1997a, 2005a, 2009b), Navickaitė, Diškus & Stonis (2014), van Nieukerken (1986a, 1990a, 2006a), van Nieukerken, Biesenbaum & Wittland (2010a), van Nieukerken, Gielis, Huisman ao (1993a), van Nieukerken, Laštůvka & Laštůvka (2004a, 2006a), van Nieukerken, Zolotuhin & Mistchenko (2004a), Pröse (1995a), Segerer, Haslberger, Grünewald ao (2013a), Skala (1939a), Stonis, Navickaitė, Rocienė ao (2013a), Šulcs (1996a), Wieser (2008a).

Last modified 21.ii.2020