Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Zimmermannia liebwerdella

Zimmermannia liebwerdella (Zimmermann, 1940)

on Fagus, Quercus

parasite

Larva in a shallow gallery in the smooth bark of a stem or thick branch. The gallery is contorted, but essentially runs vertically. Preference for the sun-lit side of the stem. Pupation external, in a rust-brown cocoon.

host plants

Fagaceae, oligophagous

Fagus sylvatica; Quercus.

The species so far has never been bred from oak, but there are plenty indications that this too is a host plant.

phenology

The larva lives one or two years, depending on the local climate; pupation in May-July.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2018).

larva

Very elongate, yellow, head brown; no ventral plates (Johansson ao, Gustafsson & van Nieukerken)

synonyms

Ectoedemia liebwerdella.

references

Baldizzone (2004a), Baldizzone & scalercio (2018a), Bengtsson (2008a), Buhr (1964b), Corley, Marabuto, Maravalhas ao (2008a), Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a), Johansson, Nielsen, van Nieukerken & Gustafsson (1990a), Klimesch (1953a), Laštůvka & Laštůvka (1997a, 2005a, 2009b), Maček (1999a), van Nieukerken (1985a, 1986a), van Nieukerken, Laštůvka & Laštůvka (2004a, 2006a, 2010a), van Nieukerken, Zolotuhin & Mistchenko (2004a), Prick, Schreurs, Lambers & Dahl (2020a), Steurer (1988a), Szőcz (1977a, 1978a, 1981a).

Last modified 4.viii.2020