Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Aphelenchoides fragariae

Aphelenchoides fragariae (Ritzema Bos, 1890)

strawberry foliar nematode

on herbs

Aphelenchoides frafariae on Fragaria vesca

galls (from Houard, 1908a)


The nematodes generally live in the closed flower and leaves buds, only rarely endoparasitically. The leaves are disfigured, contorted; the veins are thickened, cartilaginous; sometimes numerous, short sprouts are formed. Buds may die off. Because the leaf tissue between the veins withers, a characteristic mosaic pattern results.



Anchusa caespitosa; Anemone nemorosa; Begonia; Chrysanthemum indicum; Cyclamen; Dahlia; Fragaria; Hepatica nobilis; Hosta; Scabiosa; Viola odorata.

Known from 250 plant species, belonging to 47 families


Aphelenchoides olesistus Ritzema Bos, 1893; ? A. ormerodis Ritzema Bos, 1891.


important pest on strawberries and ornamentals. Similar gallings may be caused by bacterial infestations.


Bongers (1988a), Buhr (1964a), Dauhpin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Escuer & Bello (2000a), Franklin (1950a), Grosscurt (2017a), Handoo, Kantor & Carta (2020a), Houard (1908a), International Plant Protection Convention (2016a), Melgarejo Nárdiz, García-Jiménez, Jordá Gutiérrez ao (2010a), Ortuño & Oros (2002a), Roskam (2009a), Sánchez-Monge, Flores, Salazar, ao (2015a), Tomasi (2003a, 2014a).

Last modified 15.iv.2024