Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Bursaphelenchus xylophilus

Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (Steiner & Buhrer, 1934)

pine wilt nematode

on Pinus


Nematodes in the vessels of living trees, that start to wilt and die. The infection is transferred by adult feeding by the longhorn beetles Monochamus spp and Arhopalus rusticus.

host plants

Pinaceae, monophagous


distribution within Europe

Noth American species, currently spreading from Portugal.


Fonseca, Cardoso, Lopes, ao (2012a), AMyers (1988a), Wang, Mao, Chen. ao (2020a).

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