Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Anguina agrostis

Anguina agrostis (Steinbuch, 1799)

bentgrass nematode

on Poaceae

Anguina agrostis on Ochlopoa annua

Ochlopoa annua, Belgium, prov. Liège, Baelen, Maas Vallei, 3.vii.2022 © Sébastien Carbonelle

Anguina agrostis on Ochlopoa annua


Anguina agrostis gall on Phleum phleoides

Phleum phleoides, galled floret external and section (from Houard, 1908a)

cf Anguina agrostis on Festuca

Festuca rubra, Leiden © Koen van Zoest


The nematodes live in the slender bottle-shaped ovaries, that often are coloured violet red. De outer parts of the floret are 3-5 times their normal length.

host plants

Poaceae, oligophagous

Agrostis capillaris, stolonifera; Apera spica-venti; Calamagrostis canescens, lapponica; Elytrigia repens; Festuca rubra; Hordeum vulgare; Koeleria glauca, pyramidata; Leymus arenarius; Ochlopoa annua; Phalaris arundinacea; Phleum phleoides, pratense; Poa alpina, nemoralis, palustris, pratensis; Rostraria cristata; Secale cereale; Trisetum flavescens; Triticum aestivum.

Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Redfern & Shiley (2011a), and Roskam (2009a) indicate Agrostis in the first place.


Anguina poophila Kirjanova, 1952; Tylenchus phalaridis (Steinbuch) Filipjev, 1936; Tylenchus agrostidis (Steinbuch, 1799).


often found associated with the fungus Dilophospora alopecuri.


Bongers (1988a), Buhr (1964a, 1965a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Deckert & Deckert (2016a), Fleming, Maule, Martin ao (2015a), Houard (1908a), Jensen, Howell & Courtney (1958a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roskam (2009a), Stănescu (2009a), Tomasi (2003a, 2012a, 2014a).

Last modified 3.iii.2023