Anguina agrostis (Steinbuch, 1799)

bentgrass nematode

on Poaceae

Anguina agrostis gall on Phleum phleoides

Phleum phleoides, galled floret external and section (from Houard, 1908a)

cf Anguina agrostis on Festuca

Festuca rubra, Leiden © Koen van Zoest


The nematodes live in the slender bottle-shaped ovaries, that often are coloured violet red. De outer parts of the floret are 3-5 times their normal length.


Poaceae, oligophagous

Agrostis capillaris, stolonifera; Apera spica-venti; Calamagrostis canescens, lapponica; Festuca rubra; Koeleria glauca, pyramidata; Ochlopoa annua; Phalaris arundinacea; Phleum phleoides, pratense; Poa alpina, nemoralis, palustris, pratensis; Rostraria cristata; Trisetum flavescens

Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Redfern & Shiley (2011a), and Roskam (2009a) indicate Agrostis in the first place.


Anguina poophila Kirjanova, 1952; Tylenchus phalaridis (Steinbuch) Filipjev, 1936; Tylenchus agrostidis (Steinbuch, 1799).


often found associated with the fungus Dilophospora alopecuri.


Bongers (1988a), Buhr (1964a, 1965a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Deckert & Deckert (2016a), Houard (1908a), Jensen, Howell & Courtney (1958a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roskam (2009a), Stănescu (2009a), Tomasi (2003a, 2012a, 2014a).