Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Leveillula taurica

Leveillula taurica (Léveillé) Arnaud, 1921

on dicotyledons

Leveillula taurica

Capsicum annuum, from Unamuno (1943a): leaf section to show the internal mycelium, conidia, conidiophores

gall

mycelium internal and external; external mycelium white, generally dense, felt-like, amphigenous. Appressoria nipple-shaped, lobed, multilobed or even coralloid. Conidiophores, long, thin, emerging through the stomata. Conidia single, in two forms. The first conidium formed is lanceolate, later ones are elliptic. Cleistothecia rarely formed; they contain up to 20 asci, that have two spores. Appendages mostly numerous, attached below the equator, shorter than the diameter, sometimes hardly branched, in other cases stronger branching, even coralloid.

host plants

broadly polyphagous

Abelmoschus esculentus; Abutilon; Alcea apterocarpa, calvertii, excubita; Alkanna tinctoria; Althaea cannabina; Amaranthus; Andrachne telephioides; Anemonastrum narcissiflorum; Anemone coronaria; Aquilegia; Arabis glabra; Arenaria; Argemone mexicana; Aristolochia; Artemisia; Asclepias curassavica; Astragalus lagopoides; Asyneuma canescens, ekimianum, rigidum; Brassica; Bupleurum; Calligonum aphyllum; Calystegia sepium; Capparis ovata, sicula subsp. herbacea, spinosa; Capsicum annuum; Carlina aculis, corymbosa, gummifera, involicrata, lanata, racemosa; Carthamus lanatus, tinctorius; Catalpa bignonioides; Celosia argentea; Centaurea aggregata. solstitialis, virgata; Cerinthe glabra, major, minor; Chamaemelum nobile; Chondrilla juncea; Chrysanthemum; Cirsium arvense; Cistus albidus, creticus subsp. eriocephalus, crispus, halimifolius, ladanifer, lasianthus subsp. alyssoides, laurifolius, x laxus, monspeliensis, ocymoides, salviifolius, symphytifolius; Clarkia; Clematis jackmanii, orientalis; Conium maculatum; Consolida hispanica; Convolvulus althaeoides, arvensis; Cosmos sulphureus; Cousinia foliosa; Cucumis sativus; Cucurbita; Datura stramonium; Delphinium; Dianthus; Digitalis ferruginea, lanata, purpurea, thapsi; Ebenus; Dittrichia viscosa; Dodartia orientalis; Echinophora chrysantha; Echium plantagineum, vulgare & subsp. pustulatum; Epilobium hirsutum, parviflorum; Eruca vesicaria; Erucastrum gallicum, nasturtiifolium; Eryngium billardieri, campestre; Eschscholzia californica; Euphorbia fulgens, verrucosa; Filago pygmaea; Geranium cinereum; Glaucium corniculatum, flavum, grandiflorum; Globularia alypum; Gundelia tournefortii; Haplophyllum suaveolens; Helianthemum apenninum, canum, nummularium & subsp. grandiflorum + obscurum, oelandicum, “rhodanthe-carnea”, squamatum; Helichrysum pallasii; Heliotropium europaeum; Hibiscus trionum; Hieracium umbellatum; Hirscheldia incana; Hypericum perfoliatum; Impatiens balsamina; Inula; Isatis tinctoria; Jacobaea erucifolia, vulgaris; Lactuca saligna, serriola; Lamyropsis cynaroides; Leontodon; Lepidium sativum; Limonium gmelinii, latifolium, sareptanum; Linaria genistifolia, simplex; Linum trigynum, usitatissimum; Lomelosia argentea, hispidula, micrantha; Lycopersicon esculentum; Malva neglecta; Mantisalca salmantica; Marrubium astracanicum, parviflorum; Medicago falcata, x varia; Mercurialis tomentosa; Muehlenbeckia platyclados; Nasturtium; Nepeta nuda; Nicotiana; Nigella; Nitraria schoberi; Noccaea rosulare; Notothlaspi rosulatum; Olea europaea; Onobrychis galegifolia; Ononis spinosa; Papaver rhoeas; Passiflora caerulea; Peganum harmala; Persicaria amphibia, dubia; Phacelia; Phlomis physocalyx; Phlox paniculata; Physalis; Phyteuma; Picris; Plantago lanceolata, major, maritima; Plumbago europaea; Polygonum arenastrum, aviculare; Reseda alba; Ribes Roemeria hybrida; Rumex crispus; Saponaria officinalis; Saussurea; Scabiosa ochroleuca; Scolymus hispanicus; Scrophularia; Securigera varia; Senecio; Serratula coronata; Sesamum indicum; Silybum marianum; Solanum melongena, tuberosum; Sixalix atropurpurea; Spinacia oleracea; Teucrium chamaedrys, orientale subsp. glabrescens, polium; Thalictrum minus; Thymelaea passerina; Tribulus terrestris; Vaccaria hispanica; Verbascum phlomoides; Vicia cracca; Vinca; Vincetoxicum hirundinaria, nigrum; Zygophyllum fabago.

synonyms

Oidiopsis taurica (Léveillé) Salmon, 1906; Oidiopsis sicula Scalia, 1902.

notes

thermophilous species. Mainly in subtropical regions an important pest.

references

Bahçecioğlu, Kabaktepe & Yildiz (2006a), Brandenburger (1985a: 71), Braun (1995a), Braun & Cook (2012a), Ellis & Ellis (1997a), Gjaerum (1976a), Gönczö & Révay (1981a), González-Fragoso (1922a), Jage, Klenke & Kummer (2010a), Klenke & Scholler (2015a), Losa Quintana (1972b), Tóth (1994a), Unamuno (1942a, 1943a).

Last modified 18.xi.2021