Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Epichloe sylvatica

Epichloe sylvatica Leuchtmann & Schardl, 1998

on Brachypodium

Epichloe cf sylvatica on cf Brachypodium sylvaticum

cf Brachypodium sylvaticum, Hungary, Budapest, Kamaraerdő, 26.v.2021 © László Érsek. Identification of the grass, therefore also the fungus, only provisional!

Epichloe cf sylvatica on cf Brachypodium sylvaticum

detail

Epichloe cf sylvatica on cf Brachypodium sylvaticum

surface, showing the asci

Epichloe cf sylvatica on cf Brachypodium sylvaticum

lengthwise section; the length growth of the grass culm has been severely interrupted

Epichloe cf sylvatica on cf Brachypodium sylvaticum

transverse section

gall

One or more internodes all round and mostly over their total length, wrapped in a while, later yellowish fungal mass (stroma). The internodes are hardly or not at all swollen. In the stroma slender asci. The spores are filamentous, 180-200 µm long.

host plants

Poaceae, monophagous

Brachypodium sylvaticum.

notes

see the note under E. typhina.

references

Jage, Kruse, Kummer ao (2013a), Kruse (2019a), Moon (1999a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Rommelaars & Helleman (2010a), Schardl (2010a), Schardl & Leuchtmann (2004a), Spooner & Kemp (2005a).

Last modified 31.vii.2021