Puccinia graminis Persoon, 1794

on Berberis

Puccinia graminis: aecia on Berberis vulgaris

Berberis vulgaris, Austria, Tyrol, Rauth; © Arnold Grosscurt

Puccinia graminis: aecia on Berberis vulgaris

aecia at the underside of the leaf

Puccinia graminis: aecia on Berberis vulgaris fruit

Berberis vulgaris, Germany, Bavaria; © Arnold Grosscurt

spermogonia, aecia

Berberidaceae, oligophagous

Berberis vulgaris; Mahonia aquifolum, bealei.


on Poaceae

Puccinia graminis on Lolium perenne

Lolium perenne, Nieuwendam

Puccinia graminis: uredinium

urediniospores and paraphyses

Puccinia graminis: urediniosporePuccinia graminis: urediniospore

twice the same urediniospore

Puccinia graminis: teliospores

teliospores and paraphyses

gall

uredinia amphigenous, also on the leaf sheaths, in long rows, golden brown; spores elliptic, spinulose, with c. 4 equatorial germination pores. Telia blackish brown, mainly on the leaf sheath, naked from the start. Teliospores two-celled, not constricted, apically somewhat thickened but without a papilla, pedicel at most as long as the spore itself. Both uredinia and telia without paraphyses.

uredinia, telia

Poaceae, broadly oligophagous

Achnatherum calamagrostis; Aegilops crassa, tauschii, triuncialis; Agropyron cristatum; Agrostis canina, capillaris, gigiantea, scabra, schraderiana, stolonifera; Aira caryophyllea, praecox; Alopecurus aequalis, geniculatus, geradii, lanatus, myosuroides, pratensis; Ammophila arenaria; Anisantha madritensis, sterilis, tectorum; Anthoxanthum aristatum, odoratum; Apera interrupta, spica-venti; Arrhenatherum elatius; Avena fatua, sativa, strigosa; Avenella flexuosa; Beckmannia eruciformis, syzigachne; Bothriochloa ischaemum; Bouteloua curtipendula; Brachypodium; Briza media; Bromopsis benekenii, inermis, ranosa; Bromus arvensis, hordeaceus, secalinus, squarrosus; Calamagrostis arundinacea, canescens, epigeios, purpurea subsp. phragmitoides, varia; Catabrosa aquatica; Catapodium rigidum; Chrysopogon gryllus; Corynephorus canescens; Crithopsis delileana; Cynodon dactylon; Cynosurus cristatus, echinatus, elegans; Dactylis glomerata; Danthonia decumbens; Deschampsia cespitosa; Drymochloa sylvatica; Echinaria capitata; Echinochloa crus-galli; Elymus canadensis, caninus; Elytrigia atherica, intermedia, juncea, repens; Festuca ovina, rubra, varia; Festulolium loliaceum; Gaudinia fragilis; Glyceria fluitans; Helictochloa adsurgens, bromoides; Helictotrichon; Hierochloe odorata; Holcus; Hordelymus europaeus; Hordeum murinum, vulgare; Hystrix patula; Koeleria macrantha, vallesiana; Lagurus ovatus; Lamarckia aurea; Leymus arenarius; Lolium multiflorum, perenne, temulentum; Melica ciliata, nutans, transsilvanica, uniflora; Micropyrum tenellum; Milium effusum; Molinia caerulea; Panicum; Paspalum; Phalaris canariensis; Phalaroides arundinacea; Phleum alpinum, phleoides, pratense; Poa nemoralis; Polypogon; Psathyrostachys juncea; Puccinellia distans; Schedonorus arundinaceus, giganteus, pratensis; Scolochloa; Secale cereale; Sesleria caerulea; Setaria; Spartina; Sporobolus; Stipa; Trisetum flavescens; Triticosecale blaringhemii; Triticum aestivum; Ventenata dubia; Vulpia myuros.

synonyms

Puccinia graminis subsp. graminicola Urban, 1967; Puccinia anthoxanthi Fuckel, 1874; P. heimleriana Bubák, 1907.

P. favageri Mayor, 1957, described from Cynosurus and mainly characterised by the pedicels of the uredinia being “rather persistent”, probably also is conspecific with graminis.

notes

Important for causing the “black rust” of grasses. For this reason in North America the introduced barberry has been eradicated forcefully (Peterson, 2014a).

references

Afshan, Khalid & Niazi (2012a), Baka, Alwadie & Mostafa (2004a), Baka & Rabei (2013a), Bellmann (2012a), Blumer (1946a), Brandenburger (1972a, 1985a), Buhr (1964a, 1965a), Coulianos & Holmåsen (1991a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Doppelbaur & Doppelbaur (1968a), Dupias (1952a), Ellis & Ellis (1997a), Gäumann (1969a), Gjaerum & Dennis (1976a), Gönczö & Révay (1981a), González Fragoso (1924a), Henderson (2000a, 2004a), Jage, Klenke, Kruse ao (2016a), Jage, Kruse, Kummer ao (2013a), Klenke & Scholler (2015a), Kolmer (2013a), Kozłowska, Mułenko & Heluta (2015a), Kruse (2014a), Kruse & Jage (2014a), Leonard & Szabo (2010a), Liu & Hamilton (2010a, 2013a), Liu, Szabob, Hambleton, Anikster & Kolmer (2013a), Llorens i Villagrasa (1984a), Losa España (1942a), Ludwig (1974a), McTaggart, Geering & Shivas (2014a), Marková & Urban (1988a), Melgarejo Nárdiz, García-Jiménez, Jordá Gutiérrez ao (2010a), Mułenko, Sałata & Wołczańska (1995a), Negrean (1996b, 1997a), Peterson (2014a), Poelt & Zwetko (1997a), Preece & Hick (1994a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Riegler-Hager (2014a), Roskam (2009a), Ruszkiewicz-Michalska (2006a), Saba & Khalid (2013a), Sadravi, Ono, Pei & Rahnama (2007a), Savchenko, Heluta, Wasser & Nevo (2014d), Scheuer & Bechter (2012a), Schmid-Heckel (1985a), Termorshuizen & Swertz (2012a), Tomasi (2003a), Tóth (1994a), Unamuno (1941a,b, 1942a), Urban & Marková (1984a), Vanderweyen & Fraiture (2011a), Wilson & Henderson (1966a), Woods, Stringer, Evans & Chater (2015a).

mod 3.viii.2018