Puccinia punctiformis (Strauss) Röhl, 1813

on Cirsium

Puccinia punctiformis on Cirsium arvense

Cirsium arvense, Dronten; © Arnold Grosscurt

Puccinia punctiformis on Cirsium arvense

Cirsium arvense, Zunderdorp; underside of a leaf with yellow-orange spermogonia and brown aecia; at this stage the plants give off a strong smell of honey.

Puccinia punctiformis on Cirsium arvense

two young aecia, surrounded by spermogonia

Puccinia punctiformis: uredinia and telia on Cirsium arvense

Cirsium arvense, Amstelveen, Schinkelbos: uredinia (left, yong leaf) and telia (right, older, lower, leaf)

Puccinia punctiformis: uredinia

detail, uredinia

Puccinia punctiformis: telia

detail, telia

Puccinia punctiformis: urediniosporePuccinia punctiformis: urediniospore

three times the same urediniospore, to show the three pores …

Puccinia punctiformis: urediniospore

… and the spinulation

Puccinia punctiformis: teliosporePuccinia punctiformis: teliospore

two times the same teliospore

Cirsium arvense: plants diseased by Puccinia punctiformis

Cirsium arvense, Ooijpolder: infested plants grow up high with whitish leaves, giving the impression that the plants have been treated with herbicide.

gall

No host plant alternation. Spermogonia very numerous, mainly hypophyllous; their strong sweet fragrance is highly characteristic for the species. Aecia and uredinia similar, light brown, hypophyllous. Urediniospores with three pores. Telia similar, but dark brown; spores two-celled, on a short pedicel.

hostplants

Asteraceae, narrowly monophagous

Cirsium arvense.

synonym

Puccinia obtegens (Link) Tulasne, 1854; Puccinia suaveolens (Persoon) Rostrup, 1874.

predators

Mycodiplosis coniophaga, saundersi.

references

Blumer (1946a), Brandenburger (1972a, 1985a), Buhr (1964b), Coulianos & Holmåsen (1991a), Cripps, Edwards, Waipara, Bourdôt, Saville & Fowler (2009a), Ellis & Ellis (1997a), Frantzen (1994a), Gäumann (1959a), Gjaerum (1986a), González Fragoso (1922a, 1924a), Henderson (2000a, 2004a), Jage, Klenke, Kruse ao (2016a), Jage, Kruse, Kummer ao (2013a), Jage, Scholler & Klenke (2010a), Klenke & Scholler (2015a), Kluth, Kruess & Tscharntke (2001a), Kozłowska, Mułenko & Heluta (2015a), Llorens i Villagrasa (1984a), Losa España (1942a), Saarland, Kruse (2014a), Kruse & Jage (2014a), Maier, Wingfield, Mennicken & Wingfield (2007a), Negrean (1996b, 1997a), Poelt & Zwetko (1997a), Preece & Hick (1994a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roskam (2009a), Ruszkiewicz-Michalska (2006a), Scholler, Reinhard & Schubert (1996a), Scholler & Schubert (1993a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Jørgensen (2006a), Termorshuizen & Swertz (2011a), Tomasi (2014a), Tóth (1994a), Vanderweyen & Fraiture (2011a), Wandeler & Bacher (2006a), Wilson & Henderson (1966a), Woods, Stringer, Evans & Chater (2015a).

27/05/2017

mod 12.xi.2017