Puccinia urticata Kern, 1917

on Urtica

Puccinia urticata: aecia on Urtica dioica

Urtica dioica, Hungary, Kimle, 29.v.2017 © László Érsek: leaf with aecia

Puccinia urticata: aecia on Urtica dioica

leaf with aecia, underside

Puccinia urticata: aecia

aecia

Puccinia urticata: aecium

aecium: peridium and aeeciospores

Puccinia urticata: aecia on Urtica dioica

aecia also develop on the petioles, inducing strong galling

Puccinia urticata aecia gall

Urtica dioica, Belgium, prov. Namur, Gembloux, early spring © Jean-Yves Baugnée, det Arthur Vandenweyen

Puccinia urticata aecia gall

detail with aecia

Puccinia urticata gall

Urtica dioica, Ommen, de Kleine Wolf: upperside of a gall with spermogonia © Arnold Grosscurt

Puccinia urticata gall

underside of a very young gall; the aecia are still closed

Puccinia urticata galls

Urtica dioica, Neeritter, Vijverbroek

Puccinia urticata galls

underside of a heavily infested leaf

Puccinia urticata aecia

group of aecia

Puccinia urticata aecia detail

detail

gall

spermogonia in small groups on the upper side of the leaf. Aecia hypophyllous, cupulate with a well-developed peridium on strongly galled spots.

spermogonia, aecia

Urticaceae, monophagous

Urtica cannabina, dioica, membranacea, pilulifera, rupestris, urens.


on Carex

gall

uredinia and telia mostly hypophyllous, but also on the leaf sheaths and the stems. Uredinia light brown, telia almost black.

uredinia, telia

Cyperaceae monophagous

Carex acuta, acutiformis, aquatilis, canescens, cespitosa, elata, flacca, hirta, nigra, pallescens, panicea, riparia, rostrata, vesicaria.

synonyms

Puccinia urticae-caricis Klebahn, 1899.

Many authors consider all rusts alternating between Urtica anc Carex species one, albeit variable species, urticata. Based on biological differences, and currently also DNA-structure, others see a complex of autonomous species. At the aecial stage they cannot be distinguished morphologically, but at the telial stage they can be distinguished based on the host plant and small morphological differences. The name “urticata” then stands for the entire complex of species.

references

Bellmann (2012a), Blumer (1946a), Brandenburger (1985a), Chinery (2011a), Buhr (1964b), Coulianos & Holmåsen (1991a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Ellis & Ellis (1997a) Gäumann (1959a), Henderson (2000a), Jage, Kruse, Kummer ao (2013a), Koops (2013a), Klenke & Scholler (2015a), Kruse (2014a), Poelt & Zwetko (1997a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Schmid-Heckel (1985a), Termorshuizen & Swertz (2011a), Vanderweyen & Fraiture (2011a), Wilson & Henderson (1966a), Woods, Stringer, Evans & Chater (2015a).

mod 9.viii.2018