Tilletia caries (de Candolle) Tulasne, 1847

wheat bunt, stinking smut

on Triticum

gall

The fruits are enlarged, ± 4-5 mm long; the wall is hard, but when cut open they are filled with a fetid, blackish green mass of spores. Spores 16-20µ, wall reticulate. “Common bunt”.

ß

host plants

Poaceae, oligophagous

Aegilops triuncialis; Agropyron cristatum; Arrhenatherum elatius; Secale cereale; Triticosecale blaringhemii; Triticum aestivum & subsp. compactum + spelta; monococcum & subsp. aegilopoides; turgidum & subsp. dicoccon + durum + polonicum.

synonyms

Tilletia intermedia (Gassner) Săvulescu, 1942; T.tritici (Bjerkander) Winter, 1874; T. triticoides Săvulescu, 1942.

notes

Tilletia caries and laevis, together addressed as “common bunt”, are worldwide pests in wheat cultivation (Wilcoxson & Saari).

references

Ainsworth & Sampson (1950a), Almaraz (1998a), Bao, Carris, Huang, Luo, Liu & Castlebury (2010a), Buhr (1965a), Carris & Castlebury (2008a), Carris, Castlebury & Goates (2006a); Carris, Castlebury, Huang ao (2007a), Dietrich (2013a), Ellis & Ellis (1997a).Hafellner (1980a), Ivić, Sever, Scheuer & Lutz (2013a), Klenke & Scholler (2015a), Kozłowska, Mułenko & Heluta (2015a), Lutz & Vánky (2009a), Melgarejo Nárdiz, García-Jiménez, Jordá Gutiérrez ao (2010a), Negrean & Anastasiu (2006a), Savchenko & Heluta (2012a), Scholz & Scholz (2013a), Unamuno (1941b), Vanderweyen & Fraiture (2014a), Vánky (1994a), Vánky & Abbasi (2013a), Wilcoxson & Saari (1996a), Woods, Chater, Smith ao (2018a), Zogg (1983a).

mod 24.v.2019