Mycosarcoma maydis (de Candolle) Brefeld, 1912

maize smut

on Zea

Mycosarcoma maydis gall

Zea mays, Belgium, prov. Namur, Han-sur-Lesse © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Mycosarcoma maydis on Zea mays

Zea mays, Hungary, Mosonmagyaróvár, 12.viii.2018 © László Érsek

Mycosarcoma maydis on Zea mays

detail

Mycosarcoma maydis on Zea mays

Zea mays, Hungary, Mosonmagyaróvár, 29.viii.2017 © László Érsek: the inflorescence is totally destroyed

Mycosarcoma maydis on Zea mays

Zea mays, Hungary, Mosonmagyaróvár, 4.vii.2013 © László Érsek: galling may occur also on the leaf

Mycosarcoma maydis on Zea mays

detail

gall

Spores echinulate, 8-12 µm.

host plants

Poaceae, narrowly oligophagous

Euchlaena mexicana; Zea mays.

synonyms

Ustilago maydis (de Candolle) Corda, 1942; Ustilago zeae (Link) Unger, 1836.

notes

In Mexico, the original homeland of both host plant and fungus, the gall is a delicacy already since precolumbian times, under the name huitlacoche.

references

Ainsworth & Sampson (1950a), Almaraz (1998a), Beenken & Senn-Irlet (2016a), Bellmann (2012a), Buhr (1965a), Chinery (2011a), Ellis & Ellis (1997a), Ivić, Sever, Scheuer & Lutz (2013a), Jage, Kruse, Kummer ao (2013a), Klenke & Scholler (2015a), Koops (2013a), Kruse (2019a), Llorens i Villagrasa (1984a), Lutz & Vánky (2009a), McTaggart, Shivas, Boekhout ao (2016a), Melgarejo Nárdiz, García-Jiménez ao (2010a), Mułenko, Piątek, Wołczańska ao (2010a), Negrean & Anastasiu (2006a), Prillinger, Wuczkowski, Lopandic ao (2009a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roskam (2009a), Ruiz-Herrera & Martínez-Espinoza (1998a), Savchenko & Heluta (2012a), Scholz & Scholz (2013a), Tomasi (2014a), Unamuno (1941b), Vanderweyen & Fraiture (2014a), Vánky (1994a), Vánky & Abbasi (2013a), Vánky, Lutz & Bauer (2008b), Woods, Chater, Smith ao (2018a).

mod 10.ix.2019