Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Sporisorium reilianum

Sporisorium reilianum (Kühn) Langdon & Fullerton, 1978

head smut

on Sorghum, Zea

Sporisorium reilianum on Zea mays

Zea mays, Belgium, prov.Limbourg, Sint-Huibrechts-Hern, Teugelbeemd, 19.viii.2020 © Carina Van Steenwinkel: the red arrow indicates a dwarfed infected plant

Sporisorium reilianum on Zea mays

infected plant

Sporidorium reilianum

male inflorescence

Sporisorium reilianum on Zea mays

detail

Sporisorium reilianum on Zea mays

female inflorescence, after some bracts have removed

Sporisorium reilianum spores and sterile cells

spores mixed with clumps sterile cells

Sporisorium reilianum spores

the spores in loose clumps

Sporisorium reilianum spores

spores (in the present material 10-13 x 10.5-14.5 µm).

gall

The female inflorescence remains largely enclosed in the leaf sheaths, and turns into a black mass. Spores 10-13 x 11-15 µm, densely verrucose. Infected plants are severely stunted.

host plants

Poaceae, oligophagous

Sorghum bicolor, halepense, saccharatum; Zea mays.

synonyms

Sphacelotheca reiliana (Kühn) Clinton, 1902; Sorosporium holci-sorghi (Rivolta) Moesz, 1950; Sporisorium holci-sorghi (Rivolta) Vánky, 1985.

references

Almaraz (1998a). Alvarez-Cervantes, Hernandez-Dominguez, Tellez-Tellez ao (2016a), Beenken & Senn-Irlet (2016a), Buhr (1965a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Ivić, Sever, Scheuer & Lutz (2013a), Klenke & Scholler (2015a), Kruse, Thiel, Frauenberger ao (2019a), Mułenko, Piątek, Wołczańska ao (2010a), Negrean & Anastasiu (2006a), Spooner & Butterfill (1999a), Savchenko & Heluta (2012a), Tóth (1994a), Vánky (1994a, 2012a), Vánky & Abbasi (2013a).

Last modified 26.viii.2020