Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi



The large and heterogenous group of the fungi comprises several phyla. The most primitive are are characterised by the fact that the spores and gametes are motile: they carry a posterior whiplash flagellum. Most species are saprobes, a minority are parasites. Until recently they were understood as a single phylum, but James ao have demonstrated that in fact two phyla should be recognised, separated mainly on details of the flagellar mechanism: Chytridiomycota and Blastocladiomycota


Alexopoulos, Mims & Blackwell (1996a), James, Letcher, Longcore, Mozley-Standridge, Porter, Powell, Griffith & Vilgalys (2006a).


Last modified 29.vii.2022