Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Gremmenia infestans

Gremmenia infestans (Karsten) Crous, 2014

on Pinus


Yellowed needles with 1 mm size, greyish brown flat erumpent apothecia. Asci 18-21 x 90-130 µm, spores long-fusiform, 1 µm wide. The fungus develops extensively on branches that have been covered by snow for a prolonged time.

host plants

Pinaceae, monophagous

Pinus nigra, sylvestris.


Phacidium infestans Karsten, 1887.


Brandenburger (1985a: 21), Cech (2012a), Karadžić & Milijašević (2008a).

Last modified 5.viii.2022