Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi



The fundamental character of the phylum Basidiomycota is the formation of sexual spores on a special, bladder-like organ, the basidium. The basidium bears four “stalks” (sterigmata), each with one spore on top. As a group the Basidiomycta are the most visible fungi, because they include the conspicuous toadstools and allies (Agaricales).


Alexopoulos, Mims & Blackwell (1996a), Gäumann (1964a), Webster (1980a).

Last modified 17.vii.2022