Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Melampsorella caryophyllacearum

Melampsorella caryophyllacearum (de Candolle) Schröter, 1874

on Abies


Induces witches’ brooms and localised strong swellings of the them. The witches’ brooms are leafless in the winter; in spring they bud a month early and get abnormally short, yellowish needles. Pink, short-cylindrical aecia at the underside of the needles in a row at either side of the midrib. Aeciospores relatively densely and relatively coarsely verrucose.

spermogonia, aecia

Pinaceae, monophagous

Abies alba, balsamea, cephalonica, concolor, lasiocarpa, nordmanniana & subsp. equi-trojani, pinsapo, sacchalinense var. mayriana.

on Caryophyllaceae, Alsinoideae

Melampsorella caryophyllacearum: uredinium (cross section)

Cerastium arvense, from González-Fragoso (1925a): cross section through an uredinium


uredinia and telia hypophyllous. Uredinia op to 0.4 mm, orange, covered by a flimsy peridium with a central pore; urediniospores with 2-3 about equatorial germination pores. Telia often extensive, discolouring the leaf; the spores are formed intracellularly in the epidermis.

uredinia, telia

Caryophyllaceae, oligophagous

Arenaria graminea, serpyllifolia; Cerastium alpinum, arcticum, arvense, cerastoides, fontanum & subsp. vulgare, glomeratum, latifolium, pumilum, semidecandrum, tomentosum; Moehringia trinervia; Myosoton aquaticum; Stellaria alsine, crassifolia, graminea, holostea, media, nemorum, palustris.


In both host phases the mycelium is systemic and perennial. The plants are disfigured.


Aecidium elatinum Albertni & Schweinitz, 1805.


Bahçecioğlu & Kabaktepe (2012a), Brandenburger (1985a: 15, 97), Buhr (1964b, 1965a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Doppelbaur (1973a), Ellis & Ellis (1997a), Gäumann (1959a), Henderson (2000a, 2004a), Irimia (2010a), Klenke & Scholler (2015a), Kozłowska, Mułenko & Heluta (2015a), Mułenko & Kozłowska (2010a), Kruse (2014a, 2019a), Maier, Begerow, Weiß & Oberwinkler (2003a), Negrean (1996a), Poelt & Zwetko (1997a), Preece & Hick (1994a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a) Roskam (2009a, 2019a), Termorshuizen & Swertz (2011a), Tomasi (2003a), Vanderweyen & Fraiture (2007a), Wilson & Henderson (1966a), Woods, Stringer, Evans & Chater (2015a).

Last modified 29.xi.2021