Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Puccinia recondita

Puccinia recondita Dietel & Holway, 1857

on Anchusa, ? Lithospermum

Puccinia recondita: spermogonium (section)

Anchusa azurea, from González Fragoso (1924a): section through a spermogonium


spermogonia epiphyllous. Aecia hypophyllous, orange, cupulate, in dense circles on the midrib, petiole and stem.

spermogonia, aecia

Boraginaceae, ? monophagous

Anchusa azurea, calcarea, capensis, leptophylla, ochroleuca, officinalis, undulata.

Possibly also Lithospermum officinale.

on Secale


uredinia reddish brown, mainly epiphyllous, dispersed over the leaf; without paraphyses. Urediniospores finely spinulose, with at least five dispersed, not very conspicuous pores. Telia hypophyllous, blackish brown, covered by the epidermis; they are divided into compartments by rows of brown paraphyses. Teliospores 2-celled, slender-clavate, tapering into the short, thick pedicel; the wall is smooth and thin, but thickened at the flat tip of the spore.

uredinia, telia

Poaceae, monophagous

Secale cereale, sylvestre.


Puccinia dispersa Eriksson & Henning, 1894; P. secalina Grove, 1913.


opinions about what should be understood under this species differ widely in the literature. Authors like Termorshuizen & Swertz maintain an extremely wide concept op recondita, with aecia on various Boraginaceae and Ranunculaceae, and telia in a wide range of Poaceae, Klenke & Scholler at the other hand a narrow (followed here). The Index Fungorum (2016) and the MycoBank (2016) maintain more or less a middle position; they speak about recondita, with a considerable number of formae speciales and subspecies. Molecular data supporting either view is slowly forthcoming, but see Liu ao.

Not helpful either is the fact that the identity of the true recondita still seems to be unclear. The Index Fungorum (2016) mentions Dietel & Holway, 1857 as authors of the name, but Mycobank (2016) writes Roberge ex Desmazières, 1857. The same ambiguity was signalled already by Gäumann, who perhaps for that reason abstained of using the name in his book. Klenke & Scholler describe as reondita Roberge a species that alternates between Anchusa and Secale (Gäumann’s P. dispersa); the description on this page applies to that species.

The list below sums all species that are attributed to recondita in its wide sense.

Aecidium asperifolii, thalictri; Puccinia aconiti-rubrae, actaeae-agropyri, actaeae-elymi, aegilopis, agropyri, agropyrina, agrostidis, alternans, borealis,bromina cerinthes-agropyrina, clematidis-secalis, hierochloina, hordei-maritimi, madritensis, milii-effusi, perplexans, persistens, recondita, sardonensis,scarlensis, symphyti-bromorum, thalictri-distichophylli, thalictri-koeleriae, triticina


Bahcecioglu & Gjaerum (2004a), Bahçecioğlu & Kabaktepe (2012a), Baka, Alwadie & Mostafa (2004a), Baka & Rabei (2013a), Beltran Tejera (1976a), Brandenburger (1985a: 790), Buhr (1964a, 1965a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Ellis & Ellis (1997a), Gäumann (1959a), Gjaerum (1982a, 1986a, 1987a), Gjaerum & Dennis (1976a), Gjaerum & Sunding (1986a), González Fragoso (1924a), Heluta, Hayova, Tykhonenko ao (2010a), Henderson (2000a, 2004a), Klenke & Scholler (2015a), Korytnianska & Popova (2012a), Kozłowska, Mułenko & Heluta (2015a), Kruse (2014a), Liu & Hamilton (2013a), Liu, Szabob, Hambleton, Anikster & Kolmer (2013a), Ludwig (1974a), Melgarejo Nárdiz, García-Jiménez, Jordá Gutiérrez ao (2010a), Negrean (1996b, 1997a), Negrean & Denchev (2000a), Pellicier (2001a), Preece & Hick (1994a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roskam (2009a), Savchenko, Heluta, Wasser & Nevo (2014d), Savchenko, Wasser, Heluta & Nevo (2019a), Scheuer & Bechter (2012a), Termorshuizen & Swertz (2012a), Tomasi (2012a, 2014a), Vanderweyen & Fraiture (2011a), Wilson & Henderson (1966a), Woods, Stringer, Evans & Chater (2015a), Zwetko & Blanz (2012a).

Last modified 11.xii.2022