Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Graphiola phoenicis

Graphiola phoenicis (Mougeot) Poiteau, 1824

on Phoenix, etc.


± 2 mm large, black, pustules at either sides of the (especially older, lower) leaves. At maturity a yellow filament is extruded from the tip, where conidia are formed. This finally disintegrates, leaving a tiny black crater. Conidia hyaline to light brown, 4-5 x 5-6 µm, wallt thick and smooth.


Arecaceae, oligophagous

Chamaerops; Phoenix canariensis, dactylifera.


Ainsworth & Sampson (1950a), Brandenburger (1985a: 853), Klenke & Scholler (2015a), Mułenko, Piątek, Wołczańska ao (2010a), Unamuno (1941b).

Last modified 17.xii.2022