Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Entyloma fergussonii

Entyloma fergussonii (Berkeley & Broome) Plowright, 1889

on Myosotis

Entyloma fergussonii on Myosotis spec.

Myosotis spec., Belgium, prov. Antwerp, Geel, Wilders © Carina Van Steenwinkel

Entyloma fergussonii on Myosotis spec.

infected leave, upper side

Entyloma fergussonii on Myosotis spec.


Entyloma fergussonii on Myosotis spec.

earlier stage

Entyloma fergussonii: spores in host tissue

spores, embedded in the host tissue

Entyloma fergussonii : spores in host tissue



vage, round, whitish to brown, up to 3 mm large leaf spots. Embedded in the tissue smooth, yellowish brown spores.

host plants

Boraginaceae, monophagous

Myosotis alpestris, amoena, arvensis, discolor, laxa & subsp. baltica + caespitosa, nemorosa, ramossisima, scorpioides, soleirolii, stricta, sylvatica.


Tomasi (2014a) lists the fungus from Asarum europaeum. This certainly in incorrect. But the intriguing fact remains the the book by Vánky does not mention any smut fungus from Asarum, which excluded a simple identification error.


Ainsworth & Sampson (1950a), Almaraz (1998a), Gönczö & Révay (1981a), Brandenburger (1985a: 521), Klenke (2002a), Klenke & Scholler (2015a), Kruse, Thiel, Frauenberger ao (2019a), Kummer (2009a), Lutz & Vánky (2009a), Savchenko & Heluta (2012a), Scheuer & Bechter (2012a), Scholler, Reinhard & Schubert (1996a), Scholz & Scholz (2013a), Thiel, Klenke, Kruse, ao (2023a), Tomasi (2014a), Vanderweyen & Fraiture (2014a), Vánky (1994a, 2012a), Vánky & Abbasi (2013a).

Last modified 8.ix.2023