Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

unknown on Frangula alnus

unknown on Frangula alnus

unknown gall (?) on Frangula alnus

Frangula alnus, Odoorn © Ben van As

unknown gall (?) on Frangula alnus

same leaf, underside

gal

Probably an oviposition scar, cased by a sawfly.

host plants

Rhamnaceae

Frangula alnus.

Last modified 1.ix.2020