Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi


Larvae of Lepidoptera and Tenthredinidae (sawflies) not only have three pairs of thoracic feet, like all insects, but also several abdominal segments have a pair of appendage that look like feet, and have the same function. Usually they have a row or circle of crochets at their tip. A less formal term for prolegs is abdominal feet.

Epermenia chaerophyllella: larva with thoracic feet and prolegs